Relapse is when a person returns to drug and/or alcohol abuse after a period of sobriety. Addicted individuals typically resume to their former substance abuse if they are unable to cope with stress, temptations, and other life challenges after their rehabilitation stay. Drug Rehab Oklahoma City helps clients avoid the onset of cravings by employing time-tested and clinically approved methods of relapse prevention and aftercare. Relapse prevention programs are an integral part of the rehabilitation process as there is an extreme likelihood for setbacks without it. Since addiction is a chronic disorder like diabetes or high blood pressure, relapse prevention and management must always be practiced, long after a client’s stay in a rehabilitation facility.
Statistics of Relapse
The probability an addicted individual will return to substance abuse mostly depends on the substance used. For instance, according to Everyday Health, the rate of relapse after an opiate addiction, such as morphine, heroin, or hydrocodone, is as high as 85 percent. On the other hand, alcohol addiction ranges from 30 to 70 percent. In order to decrease one’s chances of relapse, a residential treatment center that emphasizes relapse prevention and a recovery aftercare program is essential. Furthermore, those who suffer from both addiction and a co-occurring mental health disorder, such as bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety, or schizophrenia, have an increased chance of relapse of not properly treated.
Recognizing When Sobriety is at Risk
Returning to former drug or alcohol abuse usually happens in three stages: emotional, mental, and physical. Rehabilitation treatment programs such as Drug Rehab Oklahoma City strongly focus on the education of triggers and how to effectively manage stressful situations. Ideally, clients will be able to identify early warning signs and take swift action to address the problem before progressing to later phases of relapse.
During this stage, an individual is not yet at the point where they are considering using drugs or alcohol again. However, he or she is apt to feel discouraged with the recovery process and may be falling back into the emotional state that caused them to use drugs and/or alcohol to begin with. Some of the more common behaviors and outlooks exhibited in this phase include discontinuing aftercare, isolation, and experiencing feelings of resentfulness, anger, and depression.
Mental Relapse This is the point when an addicted individual begins considering returning to drug or alcohol use again and may even be planning their relapse. During this phase, former patients return to their “addictive brain,” where justification occurs and using drugs and/or alcohol again begins to seem acceptable or maybe even the only option. The individual is likely feeling helpless and powerless to continuing battling cravings and former drug and/or alcohol abuse patterns. Furthermore, these individuals are apt to reminisce about past drug or alcohol abuse and may even get back in touch with friends in which they used to engage in drugs or alcohol use.
Physical Relapse The final stage of relapse is when a person takes the step from considering using again to actually consuming the substance. However, just because the individual has relapsed, it does not mean that he or she cannot regain control of their sobriety. Intervention plays a significant role as family members and friends may help to recognize the warning signs of these stages in addition to recurrent drug and/or abuse, and suggest the person seek help.